Springfield's bridges across the Connecticut

In response to a question about bridges across the Connecticut River, I thought I'd post the answer as an article.

Memorial and Toll BridgesMemorial and Toll Bridges

The photo is from a postcard, and shows the brief period of time when both the Old Toll Bridge and the Hampden County Memorial Bridge were standing. In a display of Yankee frugality, the Toll Bridge is being dismantled board by board.

These passages that follow were taken from King's Handbook of Springfield, edited by Moses King, 1884.

=== Begin Article

The Bridges

At the beginning of the present century frequent discussions took place between the people of Springfield and West Springfield about the feasibility of constructing a bridge across the Connecticut River. The business-men and middle-aged people had faith in the project; but the old men wagged their heads in opposition, one prominent rich man saying, " Gentlemen, you might as well undertake to bridge the Atlantic Ocean."

Finally, after much hesitation, the seemingly ponderous job was undertaken. The planting and rearing of the sub-structure was difficult: the two abutments and five piers had to be embedded in the river, and that without previous experience, or the use of modern appliances. Pile-driving was done by horse-power, as steam hammers were not then known to the world. A large floating platform was constructed, and anchored in the river near the site fixed for a pier; on it was placed the necessary machinery for raising the hammer; this was operated by a horse winding a rope around a drum, or cylinder. This horse "swung around the circle" from morning till night, from Monday till Saturday, and from spring till early winter; but no man has numbered the revolutions he performed, nor the thousands of miles he traveled during the process. On the platform was a stable for his shelter and repose at night; for he slept on the "bosom of the deep," not being taken ashore till the close of work for winter. Verily his memory is entitled to a monument. The site of the bridge did not occupy the place of any ferry, nor was it within 50 rods of any road or highway. The bridge company bought land on each side of the river for their approaches, the location being where the old toll, or wooden, bridge now stands.

The first bridge was opened for travel Oct. 30, 1805. It was 1,234 feet long, 30 feet wide, and 40 feet above low-water mark, and cost $36,270. It was uncovered, and painted red; and consisted of six arches supported by two abutments and five piers, each 21 feet wide and 62 feet long. Up the river, in the vicinity of the present railroad-bridge, were built three "icebreakers," or piers like the bridge-piers, with the up-stream sides sloping down to the water, designed to allow the immense sheets of ice in the spring to slide up into the air, and by their own weight fall down in smaller pieces, thus preventing the choking of ice under the bridge. The name of the designer or builder of this bridge is not now known. During the construction, by an accident several of the workmen were injured, and one killed: and also, in the month of March, several of the armorers crossed on the timbers of the framework, to the west side, on a spree, and in returning, late at night, one of them lost his balance, and was drowned.

The bridge was opened with imposing dedicatory exercises, a procession, prayer, sermon by the Rev. Dr. Joseph Lathrop of West Springfield, music, and the ringing of bells. When the procession reached the bridge, a national salute of 17 guns was fired three times; and 3,000 people, standing on the uncovered bridge, gave three rousing cheers.

This bridge was a vast accommodation to many towns on either side of the river, and was duly appreciated. But after nine years effective service it showed signs of weakening; and, after the spring freshets of 1814 had subsided, the company began strengthening the arches, and set up "horses " under the eastern span to support it while undergoing repairs. But on the 14th of July a heavy Pennsylvania wagon, heavily laden with army supplies from the east, attempted to cross. When the team had got well on to the bridge, the first span crippled and went down; but the "horses", or trusses, being equal to the pressure, held up bridge and team, so that the load was saved, and nobody killed. This ended travel across the bridge; and it was soon taken down, having become too much weather-beaten to endure longer service. It was mongrel in style, the travel being on neither the bottom nor top of the chord, but ascending and descending with the curve of the arches of each span.

The present bridge was constructed in 1816; the builder being Capt. Isaac Damon of Northampton, a man of great capacity for construction and superior workmanship, his work having stood the test of 67 years of strain as a bridge, and is now likely to stand 40 or 50 years longer. It was partially carried off by the spring freshet of 1818, and the lost portions supplied in 1820; but never since has it suffered by ice or water. At the last fracture in 1818 Gen. Bliss, one of the directors, thought to save the east end of the bridge, by securing an immense cable or rope to the main timbers, and fastening the rope to a large tree on the bank of the river above the bridge; but the next large sheet of ice that struck the bridge hardly straightened the sag of the cable before it parted, and away went the eastern span of Capt. Damon's superstructure.

The present is the second bridge, and was covered at the time of building. The travel is on an even plane at the bottom of the chord. The heavy pine timber of the arches was cut far up the river, rafted down, and hewed out by hand. Tolls were taken until July 1, 1872, when it was made free by Act of the Legislature.

The next bridge was that of the Western Railroad, completed July 1, 1841, made of wood, on the "Howe" plan, and uncovered. This was taken down in 1855, and replaced by another; the trains all the while continuing their usual trips. The second bridge was covered, and continued in use until the erection of the present iron bridge in 1873.

The North-End iron bridge was completed Sept. 1, 1877, and dedicated by a large concourse of people on the West-Springfield side. Dinner-tables were placed in the goodly shade of a row of maple-trees, refreshments offered to the crowd, and speeches made by the friends of the enterprise; William Chapman of West Springfield leading off with much enthusiasm. It affords the centre of that town an additional and more convenient privilege of access to the Union Railway Station. It is one of the handsomest highway bridges in the United States.

The South-End iron bridge, connecting the city with Agawam, was built in 1878, and completed and opened for travel Feb. 1, 1879. It takes the place of the old steam-ferry, and is a great advantage to the towns of Agawam, Suffield, Southwick, and Granby. From the above it will be seen that there are now four bridges across the Connecticut within the space of two miles and a half.

=== End Article

This explains the history of bridges until 1884. Of the four bridges mentioned, the only one still standing is the railroad bridge; all others were replaced. The Old Toll Bridge was replaced in 1922 with the Hampden County Memorial Bridge; the North End Bridge was replaced in 1925, and the South End Bridge was replaced in 1954.

This map, derived from Google Maps, shows the location of the Old Toll Bridge; it explains why Bridge Street has its name despite not currently leading to a bridge, as well as why there is a similarly unconnected Bridge Street in West Springfield.

Old Toll Bridge mapOld Toll Bridge map

Here is another photo of the Old Toll Bridge:

Old Toll Bridge, SpringfieldOld Toll Bridge, Springfield

Railroad bridge the oldest?

Thanks to Howard for pointing out this Wikipedia link. It is an article attempting to define a list of every crossing of the Connecticut. There are a few defunct bridges missing, but it's a great list.

From the list, it appears as though the railroad bridge from Springfield to West Springfield, built in 1873, is the oldest bridge across the Connecticut. (there are a few others without dates listed though).

Does anyone know if that railroad bridge is definitely the original bridge from 1873?

1873 or 1874? Iron or Steel?

Cannot offer a definitive opinion on the date of this bridge, but I found yet another Wikipedia entry which gives the date of the bridge as 1874:

"...The covered wooden railroad bridge across the Connecticut which opened in 1841, was replaced by the current double-track steel truss railroad bridge in 1874"

The interesting thing about this is the transition from the use of Iron to Steel. If it indeed dates from 1874, it is likely to be an iron (not steel) bridge, and one of the few still in existence and use. However, it is not listed as one in this article:

http://www.americanheritage.com/articles/magazine/it/1994/2/1994_2_8.shtml

and it makes sense that it would be steel since the B&A historically utilized the latest technoogy and spared little expense in building the railroad- the Howe truss for the first bridge in 1841 being one of the first, and certainly biggest ever built. In fact, the 1841 bridge was the longest in the world at its completion, and in general, the "Western Railroad" was a technological pioneer, also being the highest railroad in the world in its route up and over the Berkshires via the Westfield River valley.

photos of the train bridge

Photobucket

Photobucket

Thank you

I wanted thank you for this info. The last couple of week I have been doing some photoshot of the CT River Catwalk in Springfield, MA. Now living in Spfld, MA all my life I never really knew the history behind the CT river. I have come across alot of interesting thing walking along the river. Tunnels and walls along the river that till now I didn't understand why they where thier. I have posted some pictures at the link that follows. Now knowing more about the history behind those walls, I will be going back down thier today and taking pictures of those walls.
http://www.pbase.com/gnegron22/springfield_ma

Toll covered bridge/covered bridges

Hi, I'm working on a covered bridges of Massachusetts volume for the Images of America series. I enjoyed the bridges article you posted and was wondering where I could find good images of the old toll bridge to use in the project - I've seen a few postcards previously. Thanks, John Burk jbphotos2002@yahoo.com

eBay?

Boy, you just missed an eBay auction within the past 2 months of the Chicopee covered bridge downtown that was replaced by the Davitt Memorial Bridge. It was of a photo negative.

As for the Springfield toll bridge, there were some photos published in a few books, usually the same ones you see replicated as postcards. I don't have anything that is out of the usual for that bridge.

heres a recent photo i took

heres a recent photo i took on 4/15/2011
Image and video hosting by TinyPic

Springfield Toll Covered Bridge

Do you know what the length of the Springfield Toll covered bridge was?
Thank You,
Karen Bittinger

blonde lace wigs

Adorable, good blonde lace wigs https://youtu.be/3KO3e4I3_24.

blonde lace wigs

They're gorgeous. blonde lace wigs https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ovU7TuvxKA8 is a very good purchase..

life coach salary

https://blog.eklatresearch.com eklatresearch
https://blog.thaismatsura.com thaismatsura
https://blog.siargaoislandadventures.com siargaoislandadventures https://northface.kimboslice.org north face outlet store
https://northface.hartlaubinsurance.com north face x supreme
https://northface.vidaaposvinte.com eiger north face
https://northface.microfluidique.com vans north face
https://northface.unilorites.com north face base camp duffel small
https://hunter.unilorites.com hunter boots store
https://hunter.estrellastequila.com cheap hunter sale
https://hunter.kimboslice.org discount hunter
https://hunter.microfluidique.com buy hunter
https://lkbennett.unilorites.com LK Bennett store online
https://lkbennett.estrellastequila.com cheap LK Bennett sale
https://lkbennett.kimboslice.org discount LK Bennett
https://lkbennett.microfluidique.com buy LK Bennett boots
https://renecaovilla.unilorites.com Rene Caovilla store online
https://renecaovilla.estrellastequila.com Rene Caovilla on sale
https://renecaovilla.kimboslice.org discount Rene Caovilla
https://renecaovilla.microfluidique.com buy Rene Caovilla
https://robertocavalli.unilorites.com Roberto Cavalli online store
https://robertocavalli.estrellastequila.com Roberto Cavalli on sale
https://robertocavalli.kimboslice.org discount Roberto Cavalli online
https://robertocavalli.microfluidique.com cheap Roberto Cavalli
https://keen.microfluidique.com buy keen online
https://keen.kimboslice.org keen outlet online
https://keen.estrellastequila.com keen for sale
https://keen.unilorites.com keen store
https://merrell.microfluidique.com merrell outlet
https://merrell.kimboslice.org cheap merrell shoes uk
https://merrell.estrellastequila.com merrell store
https://merrell.unilorites.com merrell store locator
https://oakley.microfluidique.com oakley lenses
https://oakley.kimboslice.org oakley football visor
https://oakley.estrellastequila.com cheap oakleys
https://oakley.unilorites.com oakley sunglasses outlet
https://vibramfivefingers.microfluidique.com vibram five fingers womens
https://vibramfivefingers.kimboslice.org vibram 5 fingers
https://vibramfivefingers.unilorites.com vibram 5 fingers
https://vibramfivefingers.estrellastequila.com vibram fivefingers bikila
https://colehaan.kimboslice.org cole haan outlet sale
https://colehaan.estrellastequila.com cole haan shoe store
https://colehaan.unilorites.com cole haan store
https://colehaan.hartlaubinsurance.com cole haan outlet sale
https://nfl.hartlaubinsurance.com nfl jerseys store
https://nfl.unilorites.com nfl jerseys on sale
https://nfl.kimboslice.org nfl jerseys online
https://nfl.estrellastequila.com nfl jerseys outlet
https://droos.org/fitflop/ fitflop sale
https://missaototustuus.com/fitflop/ discount fitflop online
https://spectrumtraveltours.com/fitflop/ fitflop store
https://thaismatsura.com/fitflop/ buy fitflop shoes
https://thaismatsura.com/victorias-secret/ cheap Victoria's Secret

life coach salary https://www.coachhandbagsonlineoutlets.com

patagonia pro

https://blog.eklatresearch.com eklatresearch
https://blog.thaismatsura.com thaismatsura
https://blog.siargaoislandadventures.com siargaoislandadventures https://northface.kimboslice.org north face promo code
https://northface.hartlaubinsurance.com north face purple label
https://northface.vidaaposvinte.com north face supreme
https://northface.microfluidique.com north face gore tex jacket
https://northface.unilorites.com north face supreme
https://hunter.unilorites.com hunter online store
https://hunter.estrellastequila.com hunter boots sale
https://hunter.kimboslice.org discount hunter
https://hunter.microfluidique.com hunter boots online
https://lkbennett.unilorites.com LK Bennett Outlet store
https://lkbennett.estrellastequila.com LK Bennett shoes sale
https://lkbennett.kimboslice.org discount LK Bennett
https://lkbennett.microfluidique.com buy LK Bennett
https://renecaovilla.unilorites.com Rene Caovilla outlet
https://renecaovilla.estrellastequila.com Rene Caovilla for sale
https://renecaovilla.kimboslice.org discount Rene Caovilla
https://renecaovilla.microfluidique.com cheap Rene Caovilla online
https://robertocavalli.unilorites.com Roberto Cavalli online store
https://robertocavalli.estrellastequila.com cheap Roberto Cavalli
https://robertocavalli.kimboslice.org discount Roberto Cavalli outlet
https://robertocavalli.microfluidique.com buy Roberto Cavalli online
https://keen.microfluidique.com buy keen
https://keen.kimboslice.org discount keen
https://keen.estrellastequila.com keen shoes sale
https://keen.unilorites.com keen store online
https://merrell.microfluidique.com merrell sandals sale
https://merrell.kimboslice.org merrell mens shoes sale
https://merrell.estrellastequila.com merrell shoes outlet near me
https://merrell.unilorites.com merrell mens shoes sale
https://oakley.microfluidique.com oakley boots
https://oakley.kimboslice.org oakley m frame
https://oakley.estrellastequila.com oakley latch
https://oakley.unilorites.com oakley sunglasses cheap
https://vibramfivefingers.microfluidique.com vibram outlet
https://vibramfivefingers.kimboslice.org vibram toe shoes
https://vibramfivefingers.unilorites.com vibram five fingers uk outlet
https://vibramfivefingers.estrellastequila.com vibram five fingers mens
https://colehaan.kimboslice.org cole haan online
https://colehaan.estrellastequila.com cole haan store near me
https://colehaan.unilorites.com cole haan shoes womens sale
https://colehaan.hartlaubinsurance.com cole haan outlet handbags
https://nfl.hartlaubinsurance.com nfl online store
https://nfl.unilorites.com nfl jerseys sale
https://nfl.kimboslice.org nfl jerseys online
https://nfl.estrellastequila.com nfl jerseys outlet
https://droos.org/fitflop/ fitflop on sale
https://missaototustuus.com/fitflop/ fitflop outlet online
https://spectrumtraveltours.com/fitflop/ fitflop outlet store
https://thaismatsura.com/fitflop/ buy fitflop online
https://thaismatsura.com/victorias-secret/ Buy Victoria's Secret online

patagonia pro https://patagonia.artienatasha.com

coach new york

https://blog.hartlaubinsurance.com hartlaubinsurance
https://blog.mcadamssupplyco.com mcadamssupplyco
https://blog.long-beach-air-conditioning.com long-beach-air-conditioning
https://blog.unilorites.com unilorites
https://blog.angigreene.comangigreene
https://moncler.websila.us buy moncler online
https://moncler.vidaaposvinte.com moncler outlet
https://parajumpers.vidaaposvinte.com parajumpers outlet store
https://parajumpers.francarrilloguerrero.com parajumpers sale
https://parajumpers.hawksportsind.com discount parajumpers jackets
https://parajumpers.ttravelmint.com cheap parajumpers online
https://parajumpers.websila.us parajumpers shop online
https://patagonia.ttravelmint.com patagonia black friday
https://patagonia.hawksportsind.com patagonia waders
https://patagonia.vidaaposvinte.com patagonia mountains
https://patagonia.francarrilloguerrero.com patagonia womens jacket
https://patagonia.websila.us patagonia hat
https://pierrehardy.francarrilloguerrero.com cheap pierre hardy store
https://pierrehardy.hawksportsind.com Pierre Hardy sale
https://pierrehardy.ttravelmint.com discount Pierre Hardy outlet
https://pierrehardy.websila.us Pierre Hardy sale
https://sergiorossi.francarrilloguerrero.com Sergio Rossi store locator
https://sergiorossi.hawksportsind.com Sergio Rossi on sale
https://sergiorossi.ttravelmint.com Sergio Rossi online
https://sergiorossi.websila.us Sergio Rossi shoes online
https://ugg.microfluidique.com ugg flip flop slippers
https://ugg.francarrilloguerrero.com womens ugg boots clearance
https://ugg.hawksportsind.com nordstrom rack uggs
https://ugg.ttravelmint.com nordstrom rack uggs
https://ugg.websila.us ugg boots clearance
https://ugg.vidaaposvinte.com custom uggs
https://ugg.kimboslice.org fake uggs
https://emu.francarrilloguerrero.com emu boots sale
https://emu.hawksportsind.com emu boots online
https://emu.ttravelmint.com emu boots cheap
https://emu.websila.us emu store
https://canadagoose.francarrilloguerrero.com canada goose new york
https://canadagoose.hawksportsind.com canada goose kensington parka
https://canadagoose.ttravelmint.com canada goose kids
https://canadagoose.websila.us canada goose logo
https://canadagoose.vidaaposvinte.com cheap canada goose
https://jimmychoo.francarrilloguerrero.com jimmy choo outlet store
https://jimmychoo.hawksportsind.com jimmy choo sale
https://jimmychoo.ttravelmint.com jimmy choo outlet
https://jimmychoo.websila.us buy jimmy choo online
https://mammut.unilorites.com mammut online store
https://mammut.estrellastequila.com mammut sale
https://mammut.kimboslice.org discount mammut jackets
https://mammut.microfluidique.com buy mammut jackets
https://marmot.vidaaposvinte.com marmot online store
https://marmot.unilorites.com buy marmot online
https://marmot.estrellastequila.com marmot jackets sale
https://marmot.kimboslice.org discount marmot outlet
https://marmot.microfluidique.com marmot for cheap
https://northface.estrellastequila.com north face outlet berkeley

coach new york https://www.poollyanna.co.uk

MCM Sale

https://blog.hartlaubinsurance.com hartlaubinsurance
https://blog.mcadamssupplyco.com mcadamssupplyco
https://blog.long-beach-air-conditioning.com long-beach-air-conditioning
https://blog.unilorites.com unilorites
https://blog.angigreene.comangigreene
https://moncler.websila.us moncler shop
https://moncler.vidaaposvinte.com moncler outlet online
https://parajumpers.vidaaposvinte.com parajumpers outlet store
https://parajumpers.francarrilloguerrero.com parajumpers on sale
https://parajumpers.hawksportsind.com discount parajumpers
https://parajumpers.ttravelmint.com cheap parajumpers
https://parajumpers.websila.us parajumpers jackets online
https://patagonia.ttravelmint.com patagonia shirts
https://patagonia.hawksportsind.com patagonia warranty
https://patagonia.vidaaposvinte.com patagonia sale mens
https://patagonia.francarrilloguerrero.com patagonia fanny pack
https://patagonia.websila.us patagonia men down sweater
https://pierrehardy.francarrilloguerrero.com Pierre Hardy outlet store
https://pierrehardy.hawksportsind.com Pierre Hardy on sale
https://pierrehardy.ttravelmint.com Pierre Hardy outlet online
https://pierrehardy.websila.us cheap Pierre Hardy online
https://sergiorossi.francarrilloguerrero.com Sergio Rossi store online
https://sergiorossi.hawksportsind.com Sergio Rossi for sale
https://sergiorossi.ttravelmint.com Sergio Rossi outlet
https://sergiorossi.websila.us cheap Sergio Rossi online
https://ugg.microfluidique.com how to clean ugg boots
https://ugg.francarrilloguerrero.com how to clean uggs
https://ugg.hawksportsind.com ugg website
https://ugg.ttravelmint.com uggs outlet store
https://ugg.websila.us discontinued ugg boots clearance sale
https://ugg.vidaaposvinte.com ugg coupons
https://ugg.kimboslice.org mini uggs
https://emu.francarrilloguerrero.com emu sale
https://emu.hawksportsind.com emu outlet online
https://emu.ttravelmint.com emu boots cheap
https://emu.websila.us emu online store
https://canadagoose.francarrilloguerrero.com canada goose womens
https://canadagoose.hawksportsind.com canada goose shelburne parka
https://canadagoose.ttravelmint.com canada goose sale
https://canadagoose.websila.us moncler vs canada goose
https://canadagoose.vidaaposvinte.com canada goose camo
https://jimmychoo.francarrilloguerrero.com jimmy choo store
https://jimmychoo.hawksportsind.com cheap jimmy choo
https://jimmychoo.ttravelmint.com jimmy choo outlet
https://jimmychoo.websila.us buy jimmy choo boots
https://mammut.unilorites.com mammut jackets store
https://mammut.estrellastequila.com mammut on sale
https://mammut.kimboslice.org discount mammut outlet
https://mammut.microfluidique.com buy mammut
https://marmot.vidaaposvinte.com marmot jackets store
https://marmot.unilorites.com cheap marmot
https://marmot.estrellastequila.com marmot jackets sale
https://marmot.kimboslice.org marmot outlet online
https://marmot.microfluidique.com buy marmot jackets
https://northface.estrellastequila.com north face isabella

MCM Sale https://mcm.estrellastequila.com

LK Bennett outlet online

https://blog.hartlaubinsurance.com hartlaubinsurance
https://blog.mcadamssupplyco.com mcadamssupplyco
https://blog.long-beach-air-conditioning.com long-beach-air-conditioning
https://blog.unilorites.com unilorites
https://blog.angigreene.comangigreene
https://moncler.websila.us moncler shop online
https://moncler.vidaaposvinte.com moncler outlet store
https://parajumpers.vidaaposvinte.com parajumpers store
https://parajumpers.francarrilloguerrero.com cheap parajumpers sale
https://parajumpers.hawksportsind.com parajumpers outlet online
https://parajumpers.ttravelmint.com cheap parajumpers online
https://parajumpers.websila.us parajumpers jackets online
https://patagonia.ttravelmint.com patagonia men down sweater
https://patagonia.hawksportsind.com patagonia long sleeve shirt
https://patagonia.vidaaposvinte.com patagonia black friday
https://patagonia.francarrilloguerrero.com www.patagonia.com
https://patagonia.websila.us patagonia worn wear
https://pierrehardy.francarrilloguerrero.com Pierre Hardy store online
https://pierrehardy.hawksportsind.com cheap pierre hardy
https://pierrehardy.ttravelmint.com discount Pierre Hardy outlet
https://pierrehardy.websila.us Pierre Hardy sale
https://sergiorossi.francarrilloguerrero.com Sergio Rossi store
https://sergiorossi.hawksportsind.com Sergio Rossi on sale
https://sergiorossi.ttravelmint.com Sergio Rossi shoes outlet
https://sergiorossi.websila.us cheap Sergio Rossi
https://ugg.microfluidique.com botas ugg
https://ugg.francarrilloguerrero.com dillards ugg boots
https://ugg.hawksportsind.com ugg coupon code
https://ugg.ttravelmint.com uggs black friday sale
https://ugg.websila.us ugg discount code
https://ugg.vidaaposvinte.com pink uggs with bows
https://ugg.kimboslice.org dsw ugg boots
https://emu.francarrilloguerrero.com emu boots sale
https://emu.hawksportsind.com emu boots outlet
https://emu.ttravelmint.com cheap emu online
https://emu.websila.us emu outlet store
https://canadagoose.francarrilloguerrero.com goose bay canada
https://canadagoose.hawksportsind.com canada goose chicago
https://canadagoose.ttravelmint.com canada goose camo
https://canadagoose.websila.us canada goose jacket
https://canadagoose.vidaaposvinte.com canada goose black friday
https://jimmychoo.francarrilloguerrero.com jimmy choo boots store
https://jimmychoo.hawksportsind.com jimmy choo sale
https://jimmychoo.ttravelmint.com discount jimmy choo
https://jimmychoo.websila.us buy jimmy choo
https://mammut.unilorites.com mammut jackets store
https://mammut.estrellastequila.com mammut sale
https://mammut.kimboslice.org discount mammut outlet
https://mammut.microfluidique.com buy mammut
https://marmot.vidaaposvinte.com marmot outlet store
https://marmot.unilorites.com cheap marmot online
https://marmot.estrellastequila.com marmot sale
https://marmot.kimboslice.org marmot outlet online
https://marmot.microfluidique.com cheap marmot jackets
https://northface.estrellastequila.com north face outlet

LK Bennett outlet online https://lkbennett.missaototustuus.com

kmmits

https://blog.eklatresearch.com eklatresearch
https://blog.thaismatsura.com thaismatsura
https://blog.siargaoislandadventures.com siargaoislandadventures https://northface.kimboslice.org north face outlet store
https://northface.hartlaubinsurance.com cheap north face jackets wholesale
https://northface.vidaaposvinte.com north face gore tex jacket
https://northface.microfluidique.com supreme north face jacket
https://northface.unilorites.com north face waterproof backpack
https://hunter.unilorites.com hunter store
https://hunter.estrellastequila.com hunter sale
https://hunter.kimboslice.org discount hunter
https://hunter.microfluidique.com hunter boots online
https://lkbennett.unilorites.com LK Bennett store
https://lkbennett.estrellastequila.com LK Bennett shoes sale
https://lkbennett.kimboslice.org discount LK Bennett
https://lkbennett.microfluidique.com buy LK Bennett boots
https://renecaovilla.unilorites.com Rene Caovilla Outlet store
https://renecaovilla.estrellastequila.com cheap Rene Caovilla
https://renecaovilla.kimboslice.org discount Rene Caovilla outlet
https://renecaovilla.microfluidique.com Rene Caovilla online
https://robertocavalli.unilorites.com Roberto Cavalli outlet store
https://robertocavalli.estrellastequila.com cheap Roberto Cavalli
https://robertocavalli.kimboslice.org Roberto Cavalli outlet online
https://robertocavalli.microfluidique.com Roberto Cavalli online
https://keen.microfluidique.com keen shoes online
https://keen.kimboslice.org discount keen outlet
https://keen.estrellastequila.com cheap keen sale
https://keen.unilorites.com keen store locator
https://merrell.microfluidique.com merrell mens shoes sale
https://merrell.kimboslice.org merrell shoes outlet store locations
https://merrell.estrellastequila.com merrell womens shoes outlet
https://merrell.unilorites.com cheap merrell shoes
https://oakley.microfluidique.com oakley store
https://oakley.kimboslice.org oakley custom
https://oakley.estrellastequila.com oakley reading glasses
https://oakley.unilorites.com oakley prizm lenses
https://vibramfivefingers.microfluidique.com vibram five fingers womens
https://vibramfivefingers.kimboslice.org vibram outlet
https://vibramfivefingers.unilorites.com vibram outlet store
https://vibramfivefingers.estrellastequila.com vibram toe shoes
https://colehaan.kimboslice.org cole haan lunargrand cheap
https://colehaan.estrellastequila.com cole haan outlet online
https://colehaan.unilorites.com cole haan mens shoes outlet
https://colehaan.hartlaubinsurance.com cole haan mens shoes sale
https://nfl.hartlaubinsurance.com nfl store
https://nfl.unilorites.com cheap nfl sale
https://nfl.kimboslice.org cheap nfl jerseys
https://nfl.estrellastequila.com nfl outlet online
https://droos.org/fitflop/ fitflop sale
https://missaototustuus.com/fitflop/ fitflop shoes outlet
https://spectrumtraveltours.com/fitflop/ fitflop store
https://thaismatsura.com/fitflop/ cheap fitflop shoes
https://thaismatsura.com/victorias-secret/ Buy Victoria's Secret

kmmits https://blog.kmmits.com

Russell And Bromley shoes online

Great post! I?m just starting out in community management/marketing media and trying to learn how to do it well - resources like this article are incredibly helpful. As our company is based in the US, it?s all a bit new to us. The example above is something that I worry about as well, how to show your own genuine enthusiasm and share the fact that your product is useful in that case
Russell And Bromley shoes online http://www.tedbakerbcbgoutlet.com

discount barbour online

https://blog.eklatresearch.com eklatresearch
https://blog.thaismatsura.com thaismatsura
https://blog.siargaoislandadventures.com siargaoislandadventures https://northface.kimboslice.org north face return policy
https://northface.hartlaubinsurance.com north face return policy
https://northface.vidaaposvinte.com small north face backpack
https://northface.microfluidique.com north face base camp duffel small
https://northface.unilorites.com north face customer service
https://hunter.unilorites.com hunter online store
https://hunter.estrellastequila.com hunter on sale
https://hunter.kimboslice.org discount hunter outlet
https://hunter.microfluidique.com cheap hunter boots
https://lkbennett.unilorites.com LK Bennett shoes store
https://lkbennett.estrellastequila.com LK Bennett sale
https://lkbennett.kimboslice.org discount LK Bennett
https://lkbennett.microfluidique.com buy LK Bennett online
https://renecaovilla.unilorites.com Rene Caovilla store online
https://renecaovilla.estrellastequila.com Rene Caovilla on sale
https://renecaovilla.kimboslice.org discount Rene Caovilla outlet
https://renecaovilla.microfluidique.com Rene Caovilla online
https://robertocavalli.unilorites.com Roberto Cavalli store
https://robertocavalli.estrellastequila.com cheap Roberto Cavalli sale
https://robertocavalli.kimboslice.org discount Roberto Cavalli outlet
https://robertocavalli.microfluidique.com buy Roberto Cavalli
https://keen.microfluidique.com cheap keen shoes
https://keen.kimboslice.org discount keen
https://keen.estrellastequila.com keen on sale
https://keen.unilorites.com keen outlet store
https://merrell.microfluidique.com merrell shoes outlet
https://merrell.kimboslice.org merrell store
https://merrell.estrellastequila.com merrell shoes womens sale
https://merrell.unilorites.com cheap merrell shoes uk
https://oakley.microfluidique.com cheap oakley sunglasses
https://oakley.kimboslice.org oakley prescription glasses
https://oakley.estrellastequila.com oakley football visor
https://oakley.unilorites.com oakley eyeglass frames
https://vibramfivefingers.microfluidique.com vibram boots
https://vibramfivefingers.kimboslice.org fivefingers vibram
https://vibramfivefingers.unilorites.com vibram five fingers mens
https://vibramfivefingers.estrellastequila.com vibram 5 fingers
https://colehaan.kimboslice.org cole haan loafers sale
https://colehaan.estrellastequila.com cole haan zerogrand sale
https://colehaan.unilorites.com cole haan shoe store
https://colehaan.hartlaubinsurance.com cole haan outlet handbags
https://nfl.hartlaubinsurance.com nfl online store
https://nfl.unilorites.com nfl sale
https://nfl.kimboslice.org buy nfl jerseys online
https://nfl.estrellastequila.com discount nfl jerseys
https://droos.org/fitflop/ fitflop sale
https://missaototustuus.com/fitflop/ fitflop shoes outlet
https://spectrumtraveltours.com/fitflop/ fitflop store online
https://thaismatsura.com/fitflop/ buy fitflop shoes
https://thaismatsura.com/victorias-secret/ cheap Victoria's Secret

discount barbour online https://barbour.droos.org

moncler on sale

https://blog.eklatresearch.com eklatresearch
https://blog.thaismatsura.com thaismatsura
https://blog.siargaoislandadventures.com siargaoislandadventures https://northface.kimboslice.org vans x north face
https://northface.hartlaubinsurance.com north face base camp duffel small
https://northface.vidaaposvinte.com supreme north face windbreaker
https://northface.microfluidique.com north face outlet store
https://northface.unilorites.com north face outlet locations
https://hunter.unilorites.com hunter boots store
https://hunter.estrellastequila.com hunter boots sale
https://hunter.kimboslice.org discount hunter
https://hunter.microfluidique.com buy hunter boots
https://lkbennett.unilorites.com LK Bennett Outlet store
https://lkbennett.estrellastequila.com LK Bennett shoes sale
https://lkbennett.kimboslice.org discount LK Bennett outlet
https://lkbennett.microfluidique.com LK Bennett online
https://renecaovilla.unilorites.com Rene Caovilla outlet
https://renecaovilla.estrellastequila.com cheap Rene Caovilla
https://renecaovilla.kimboslice.org Rene Caovilla outlet
https://renecaovilla.microfluidique.com buy Rene Caovilla online
https://robertocavalli.unilorites.com Roberto Cavalli store
https://robertocavalli.estrellastequila.com cheap Roberto Cavalli sale
https://robertocavalli.kimboslice.org discount Roberto Cavalli online
https://robertocavalli.microfluidique.com buy Roberto Cavalli online
https://keen.microfluidique.com cheap keen shoes
https://keen.kimboslice.org discount keen
https://keen.estrellastequila.com keen on sale
https://keen.unilorites.com keen store
https://merrell.microfluidique.com merrell shoes womens sale
https://merrell.kimboslice.org merrell shoes womens sale
https://merrell.estrellastequila.com merrell womens sandals sale
https://merrell.unilorites.com merrell shoes outlet store
https://oakley.microfluidique.com oakley jawbreaker
https://oakley.kimboslice.org oakley lenses
https://oakley.estrellastequila.com baseball oakleys
https://oakley.unilorites.com oakley polarized
https://vibramfivefingers.microfluidique.com vibram furoshiki
https://vibramfivefingers.kimboslice.org vibram five finger shoes
https://vibramfivefingers.unilorites.com vibram five fingers womens
https://vibramfivefingers.estrellastequila.com vibram fivefingers bikila
https://colehaan.kimboslice.org cole haan lunargrand cheap
https://colehaan.estrellastequila.com cole haan shoes outlet
https://colehaan.unilorites.com cole haan shoe store
https://colehaan.hartlaubinsurance.com cole haan store
https://nfl.hartlaubinsurance.com nfl store
https://nfl.unilorites.com cheap nfl sale
https://nfl.kimboslice.org buy nfl online
https://nfl.estrellastequila.com discount nfl online
https://droos.org/fitflop/ fitflop for sale
https://missaototustuus.com/fitflop/ discount fitflop shoes
https://spectrumtraveltours.com/fitflop/ fitflop outlet store
https://thaismatsura.com/fitflop/ cheap fitflop online
https://thaismatsura.com/victorias-secret/ Buy Victoria's Secret

moncler on sale https://moncler.droos.org

Post new comment

The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly.
By submitting this form, you accept the Mollom privacy policy.